Why is India lagging behind other countries in research and development, even though we have talented people like the IITians?
Originally Answered: Why is India lagging behind other countries in research and development?
1.The Aura of placements- Nobody wanna study higher but all want a handsome salary as early as possible
- Too much gloom and melodrama- Even if dad is rich he prefers his kid to join top NIT/ IIT and get high pay job quickly. He could have gone to research field but money wins again. The atmosphere is like that research scientist lives a gloomy life.
- Less government funding and no setting of priorities- Bharat Ratna Rao has said recently govt spends very less on scientific research and corruption reduces it further. Scientists get only 10% of what they should, Thatsy Labs in poor conditions
- Attitude/ Class / Ego - Aunties and relatives taunt you for not being in TCS/ Infosys and such companies. Would you like to be in a lab doing crucial cancer research when nobody gives it value!
- 政府资金少，没有设定优先次序——Bharat Ratna Rao最近说，政府在科学研究上的花费非常少，腐败又进一步缩减了投入金额。科学家们收入不高，只能拿到他们应得的10%
- 态度/阶级/自我认同—七大姑八大姨都会嘲笑你没能进入TCS/ Infosys等公司。你会愿意在一个没人重视的实验室里做重要的癌症研究吗?
- Lack of education and aptitude tests- Children from childhood are pampered to be engineers and doctors regardless of interest or aptitude. other countries have periodic aptitude tests to analyse which field the child excels but here the child is still not sure what to do after getting degree !
- Education not research oriented- Schools lack proper labs and practicals are explained in theory class itself. How will interest come ?
There are many more like Govt not investing in research and less GDP spending on Education, Worsening R&D industries etc
Manik Sikka, works at Microsoft
I have studied in both American and Indian universities, so let me try and give my take.
First of all to make anything successful what you need is consumers, people who care for it. As an example you might be the best singer in the world but if no one likes to listen to music, it doesn’t matter. Ex India has good cricket team but not a good football team. Because football doesn’t sell.
With that principle, research is also a product that universities produce. They’ll spend more money and time on it if there are more consumers for it. If they’ll spend more time and money obviosuly it’ll come out better.
Now, who are the consumers of research. It’s the industry. And not the traditional kinds who like to keep repeating the same things over and over but the ones who need to compete in global markets. They need to innovate and change quickly to remain relevant in market. These are the kinds which will “buy” research from Universities, improving their standard.
The university that I was in India, did decent enough job with research projects but most of the profs. will forget about it soon and get busy with other things. Next student coming in will start from ground zero on the same problem.
译文来源：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/47279.html 译者：Joyceliu
The prof. I worked with in US was more of a salesman then a professor. Even before he started a project he was more concerned about how he can sell it. Which conference can he publish the paper in? Can he spin off a start up from it. He was in fact on board of many start-ups which he helped start.
This is where India has lacked. In terms of market predicatbility, law framework etc. Anything can happen in India anytime. A start up like uber in which you might have spent years can suddenly become an illegal business, innovative idea like drones can suddenly be made illegal. You never know.
As a consequence industry has less appetite for innovation, less consumption of research, less investment and hence not the quality that you’d expect.
But things are changing, I am pretty positive and excited about the future of research in India.
The voice, Engineer by profession Writer by passion
Very simple answer is Hindi.
Students in IITs are very studious and are mostly from lower to medium class family. They read in school in Hindi medium and with hard work they got admission in IITs, where they got technical knowledge in English. And finally when they are graduated they become hybrid of English and Hindi, who are comfortable in speaking Hindi but writing English. This is story of maximum hardworking students studying across various prestigious institutes all over the India.
Now come to the point, After graduation, when they become ready for research they have no innovation and creativity left in their mind. Creative thoughts come in mind in our own language not in English but we have taken technical knowledge in English. It is proven fact that when we work in other language our efficiency of mind reduced. Hence we lag behind.
We can learn from Japan, China, Russia and other Countries which are at the top in terms of technological innovation. Do they take education in english???? Ofcourse not, they have not left their mother language, their education system(school to college) is in their own language (Japanese, Chinese, Russian etc.), Infact lots of top researchers cant speak English there.
Till our education system wont change, we will keep lagging behind like in recent World University Rankings 2018, No Indian institute in top 200.
Sunit Raut, studies Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering (2020)
Talent alone is not enough. Yes, you heard it right !
Talent either requires opportunity or creation of opportunity if it does not exist.
This opportunity or creation of opportunity comes from the policies of government and social setup of the country.
To be frank, India isn’t a research country yet. Nor is it an export country. We don’t have as many research institutes or Multi national tech companies that innovate/inspire.
We need to nourish a generation of youth that is interested in research, innovation and excellence.
However, currently, that is not on India’s priority list. There are other issues that take away the attention of government, media and society. Ever heard a news cover on research ?
India either needs to shift its focus towards research or else develop a parallel community of researchers / academicians / educators that would setup a system that nurtures research and development, rather than grades.
Another important factor is that research is risky. You may end up spending a lot of money and still get nothing substantial in the end (No Return on investment if things go wrong).
With other issues creeping up, India wouldn’t want to spend carelessly on research and that we still need to depend on research from countries that -
1.have a system set up that encourages research.
2.that have investors , government funds in abundance for research.
Due to these reasons, such countries also attract talent from other countries like India.
Rushikesh Wadurkar, former Studying in D.Y.Patil SOET
Let us assume we have two persons, A & B. Both are individually kept at different surroundings.
Let’s assume person A is forced to put into the western countries like USA, England. Whereas the person B is in India. Now what interesting happens?
Let’s first talk about our country India. Indians have always been fallen into the worship, pray and mostly tend to force themselves into the obligation of the religious activities. Due to this do you know what kind of their thinking is? They see the world as what it is! They even don’t bother to change the current situations by adopting new ideas, making any innovation for the well-being of societies. No, Not at all!
Instead they rely on imaginary, pseudo faith of so called God that he is the superior power in the universe and that’s it!
Another interesting probability is that if any one dares to change the current system, he will be regarded as breaking the rules against destiny. Alas! What a great mishap he has done! (Here assume I’m talking about old days)
Such type of surrounding is affected by person B. So hell that inventions, innovations, get down to hell this shit!
Next come here in case of person A. In western countries they were also following rules, regulations led by their ancestors like us, but instead of this they were ought to solve the problems by developing new ways. Here what made the difference? They never relate their innovations, ideas to destiny, faith & so. Instead they adopt growing faster in making, in providing necessities to societies, providing them new ways to solve problems. They carried over inventions; apply every possible thing in real life and obviously educating the upcoming young generations to do similar.
Hence person A will surely be superior to that of B!
You know what? I see people saying, “Oh look at Satya Nadella, Sundar Pichai and others rising to great name and fame. We are definitely talented”. Of course, I am proud that this proves the smartness of Indians, but I am not at all happy because we are feeding the technological and economic boom of other nations, not our own.
Indians excel everywhere except India and people like me, who tend to keep thinking about the future and love modernism, feel outright frustrated at the sorry state of conditions in our country.
Our education system is an utter failure:
(1) Excessive importance is given to memorization. I, for one, am very bad at so much memorization. But let me keep a sheet of necessary formulas and basic points related to a particular topic in Science, and I am all set to conduct further research enthusiastically. Who knows, I may be a Science genius just struggling to do things in the right manner.
(2) No encouragement when it comes to creativity. Students are forced to stick to a particular syllabus and discouraged to think beyond that. I feel that our traditional exam-based-on-syllabus system is too outdated. Our exams mostly revolve around formula-oriented questions. The exams should also contain several questions that check how much the student is able to apply his or her knowledge to explore further. Also, I think classwork activities should include not only problem solving related to formulas, but also piling up research on the topic taught. Now this needs infrastructural changes. Modern education system must make schools provide laptops to students, after the school is paid the amount for that. Only school libraries may not be sufficient for research.
(3) Lack of meaningful interaction makes the topics very dull and boring. The teaching is mostly one-sided, with the teacher speaking on and on, barely pausing and this makes students drift off to sleep!! There is a pressing need for interactive sessions on the topics taught, just like a debate mode. This allows students grasp the topic more easily, since participation in debate makes the student focus on the topic going on.
But the problems are not restricted to the school system alone. There also comes the problem called public mentality.
A vast majority of the people want their children to become Engineers, or Doctors, or Chartered Accountants or get a work in a government office, most of which look dull anyway. Most of the Indian families do not think beyond that. A Scientist, working in a research institute, seems to be too boring and dull for them. The same goes for students. They immediately want a high-paying job.
A researcher can do his work without hindrance if there are state-of-the-art facilities and zero political interference. This is especially true for organizations like DRDO and HAL. There is too much politics involved. ISRO is the only political organization with nearly zero political interference.
Our investment on research is very, very low. We need to be investing more on new labs and need to change the backward mindset of the people who believe that life is restricted only to software engineering.
These are the reasons why we lag behind in research. We need to take reformative steps, SOON!!
Shawn D'silva, lived in India
Originally Answered: Why does India lag behind in technological innovation?
Innovation is a vague buzzword, more specific next time.
If you mean in terms of “inventing” a new product or service or a new category of an existing product or service, then we simply lack the infrastructure and ecosystem here to support such inventions, the universities are absolute garbage tier when compared to their foreign counter-parts, the government spends very little on Research and Development, You will struggle to get either government or investor funding for a new and un-proved product.
And once any foreign company has a “first movers” benefit in any product or service or category you are screwed, no wonder how better your product is because it simply came too late.
One way to get around this is by your government straight up ban non-essential yet replicate-able technologies, like how China has a ban on Google,Facebook,Twitter and makes life hard for Amazon.
Of course Bharat Sarkar is run by people who do not care about National Interest, only about filling their pockets every 5 years they get in power, or how to win the next election .
If you mean “innovation” in context of why our country doesn’t make any kind of Integrated Circuit( basically the category for CPUs, RAM chips, SSD chips etc )or passenger jets or gas turbines or any other “high technology” product, it is because the Corporates see no point in investing in these capital intensive sectors, and neither does the government for some reason, as a result even outside investors don’t want to put forth money for such ventures, and as mentioned above even our IITs don’t put out the kind of people you will need for high-technology sectors.
Lokanath Reddy, Pediatrician by profession, music lover and travellar by passion
In India the first thing is survival, second is family, last is the research and development. Here it is what i think about research as a middle class student.
1.First I should be able to survive to take a branch as my career. so obviously many will choose to be engineers or doctors or teachers to earn and try to lift up the family from middle class to upper middle class. because your life as a research student is not stable here.
2.Second is parents and family you should marry and have children and lots of family problems to solve. No time to do research. All parents want their children to become IITians, NITs, doctors, IAS IPS etc…to earn a lot. Very few can leave them to their passion and this also happens only in well to do families because they can support him financially even if he fails. Middle class parents no thought of research.
3.Governments: No proper support for the merit. 50% seats are reserved (again survival first) .
4.Mindset: Many Indian students don’t like to work hard unless it is profitable either for name or money. Every body wants to work less and earn more. so is the status of our government schools and govt jobs. We always try to copy what already done by western people. Every thing is piracy. 90% of the thesis work done by our students in our universities will be copy paste with some modification from a western author or senior.
5.Comfort zone: Every body wants to lie in a comfort zone. no body want to take risk. they are afraid of failures and people who will be speaking more about your failures than your success.