Why does India lag behind in technology?（2）
Dushyant Chauhan, Pure and Pious
The root cause of this lies in our Education System from Elementary to the College Level.
I will put my thoughts point wise:
- Basic Education
The Elementary school Education is right now nothing but cramming up the syllabus and this erodes the capacity of a child to imagine. Just memorizing the syllabus is enough to get you promoted.
Non Interactive studies block the mental capacity of a child and this is unfortunately from Nursery to Intermediate. Only Elite schools might be providing with some of these facilities but they cater to a very small population.
Children should be encouraged to visit Museums for History, Science Museums for Science and do experiments at home, Parents should take their children to a zoo or a National Park and give them details about the Flora, Fauna and Animals.
Only then a "curious child" will take birth who has analytical Thinking and who knows how to Question.
- Vocational Training
Indian students might be great at Integration, Differentiation or laws of Economics or Historical Dates or Spellings but they do not know how to solder an LED on a circuit board or how to drill a wooden plank or cut it smoothly or Wield two metal sheets together.
Vocational Training is virtually zero which in turn reduces the practical approach towards various fields.
- The "Tuition Classes"
I consider this literally appalling that a Kinder Garden student needs tuition for his/her studies. In India now it is a norm to take tuition and it does not matter how intelligent you are. Children are literally taking 6 7 hours of tuition classes after school. When will they get time for recreation activities, sports and other personality enhancing activities. More importantly if they want to explore more into a Subject this system will not let them.
The most Ridiculous is tuition classes for English by well off families.
This leads to wiping out of the process of Self Studying which is the best form of studying. Self Studying makes a students what they are supposed to do and that is "Think, Explore and Learn".
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- Technical College Education
The Education imparted in Technical colleges no different than simply theory based. There are no serious practicals and introduction of students to the latest Technologies.
There is rampant plagiarism when it come to Projects and R&D. The worst part is that it has become the Norm. Even high end technical institutes like IITs, IISC and NITs have not come up with something that is Pathbreaking. We are talking about IITs & NITs here and do not even ask what goes on in Private Colleges which cater to most the "Technical Population".
Imagine a country which produces 4 to 5 lakh Engineers a year and just approx. 1 lakh of them are employable.
The quality of most of the Professors is substandard and even if some student wants guidance he or she will have to face disappointment and discouragement. The Quality of teachers and professors through special programs must be enhanced.
Strict rules and guidelines must be there that if your project or research is found to be unoriginal or plagiarized you will not be allowed to have a degree.
Companies must open their Training centres in selected colleges not only elite IITs NITs to nurture and bring up Talent. I have seen this in a few colleges but it is not enough.
- Investment in R&D
There is no serious Investment in R&D and we have to "import our technologies" and NO the so called Technology Giants like Infosys, TCS, Wipro etc. do not have a single IPR registered by them. They simply do what they are instructed to.
It is high time that these giants drop their Service Based approach and start investing in Product research and R&D if they want to move forward.
The Govt. needs to increase its budget by hundreds of crores to encourage R&D and should provide special incentives to engineers and scientists who are into it.
Most importantly a database of R&D of all universities should be created so that mutual cooperation among individuals and institutes boosts R&D.
Saurav Modak, Geek, Introvert, Hacker and aspiring Appentrepreneur
Well, the case with India is that everyone of us are busy getting a degree and choosing a job that pays best. Like, in my college, all I see my friends is completing a degree and just get a job and complete their life. A less of them (say 20%) want to do masters, but thats mostly for wage increase reasons, nothing sort of gaining knowledge. Hardly a few, say 5% want to get in some sort of research.
For creating things, you need research. And while most of the middle class brains gets in a career just to get more money, you cant expect innovation coming out from there. India does have brains, but people are too poor to care about spending 28 years of life just to educate themselves up and innovate. They want to get money, fast..
Its nice to hear that some technology innovations do have Indians involved. Like I read somewhere that 90% of computers run on processors designed by Indians. Also, the world's first free public emailing service was started by an Indian (Hotmail). Along that lines, some Indian companies (Micromax, Karbonn etc) are marketing mobile phones, but most of their parts are made in China. A lot of startups (Pinterest, Flipkart) are made by Indians. Things may change soon.
Harshit Chopra, IIM-C PGP Batch of 2018
Why does India lag behind?
If I were to answer that question, I would say it is because 'greed' occupies are mind to a very great extent. Whether we accept it or not we all know our inner-selves and it's very likely that it is damn greedy for something or the other.
Biggest greed? MONEY!
All our small tasks collect at one point- earn more and more and more and more and more. It never stops. Take a second back, look back at all your activities you have been doing since a week and ask yourself- if you were not paid a penny for anything how many of the things you would still do? Will you still go to work? I don't think so anyone would. In fact I myself would not. We are humans and not money making devices. We look forward of becoming wealthy rather than becoming worthy. To some extent it is fed into our brains from our birth.
We are forced into going to schools and colleges not so that we become better individuals, but so that we can have a degree and a job later and earn. The prime concern somewhere at the back of the mind is money. If this is not the case then why do we lay so much emphasis on academics and not education. We even fight with friends and family for that fairly useless piece of paper. We ruin numerous relationships for money. A few even kill others for money. This is the extent a man can go for money. I acknowledge that money is a big essential to live a comfortable life, but placing it at such an esteem importance, perhaps is the biggest foolishness a man can do. We fail to realize that even the main motive behind earning is actually spending and living a happy life. Why not live it with whatever money you have? Why run after it madly, get it and then maybe realize that time to live life has gone? We underestimate the dinner of daal-chawal with the entire family. We underestimate the joy tripling on a single bike with friends in rains. We underestimate the flavour of chai and parle-g at a chai thadi. We underestimate the power of love. AND WE OVERESTIMATE THE POWER OF MONEY.
The day we learn to live the moment, I think we can do wonders. Be passionate, take a week off, bunk a few classes, fall and rise in love, go on a long vacation, have ups and downs in your life, learn to adjust in everything because yeh sab cheezien kal ho naa ho
Bala Senthil Kumar, As required
This lag is directly linked to overall development.
Let's not make the mistake of judging the standards the whole of India is based on by looking at a few shining examples in multinational work environments.
Those shining examples in innovation have done well for themselves because the consumers of their innovations are non-Indians willing to pay for making something better in their lives.
It is always easier to innovate without fear of going hungry. Poverty and financial insecurity has yet to lift its hold on Indian mindsets. Once these are removed and the vast majority of Indians have the confidence that their basic needs won't challenge their survival, they will start innovating and contributing, by taking greater risks going into the unknown, and being able to feed their curiosity and inventiveness a whole lot more.
Even if you were to invent something or innovate today in India that is primarily meant for Indian consumers, the first and foremost worry in your head will and should be how someone might copy it, sell it better or cheaper because of zero cost to develop, and laugh all the way to the bank, while you wonder what happened. Intellectual Property protection in India exists, but except in the case of the most obvious violations by big players, we don't quite see the government cracking down on copycats and infringers. This is extremely discouraging.
Fiscally and socially too, there is a very important uniquely Indian cause. We look at failures as criminal wrongs. In the USA, you can afford to fail time and again, and the gumption and resilience will be appreciated. Money will keep coming after you if you promise to keep pushing for some breakthrough. In India, an loan that cannot be repaid can ruin a person. Look at all the farmers committing suicide, shamed into that corner of 'failure'.
We love to laugh at and heckle failures. It is in the spirit of entrepreneurship to encourage getting through all failures quickly, and with knowledge gained, not remorse gathered. The vast majority of Indian minds are yet to grasp this. Then of course there is the famous Indian crab mentality - hoping to get ahead by dragging others back. This poisonous habit just needs to go.
Indian banks too, are usually willing to lend to exactly those who don't need the money - looking at their track record, and ability to repay based on their current income levels, not by the genius of what they are proposing to do.
So, when it begins to accumulate, Indians just hoard, because we bloody worship it. We don't think of money that is not doing any work as a total waste.
Kalyan Kumar Banerjee, Education
To come to specific, constructive answers to this question, we must ask: We lag behind in what? Else, answers will be generalisations.
I believe we have made a lot of progress in last 68 years - and need to feel genuinely proud about it. We are a democracy with every adult Indian having a vote, right from the beginning. Not many countries of our size or diversity can claim that. We have tried to take everybody along in our journey (many glitches are there, but each time we have emerged with more wisdom). We have nothing to hide - all our problems are out there in the open. We have set up some wonderful institutions, but it's true, they can work better. Indians are respected the world over, and trusted, too. All of these are no mean achievement. Our family and social system have worked by and large, even though we see stress and strain of late. Our citizens have freedom of thought and expression, they can choose any career they want, and no one can stop them if they choose to build a lucrative living elsewhere. These are achievements whose value cannot be slighted.
Our economy has grown the last 25 years, so the world takes notice of us. True, progress has been slow, but it takes time to transform a nation taking everybody along, specially when you have 1.2 billion people of diverse social, cultural, economic background. And we have focused on multiple horses, from upliftment of the underprivileged to sending our own vehicle to Mars - we have tried to develop on all fronts, so progress will be slow.
Having said all these, we must admit, there's a lot that could be better! So why do we lag behind? I believe:
We lack pride and self esteem.
We don't know about our own culture.
We do not collaborate.
We do not know we have to create change ourselves. We believe SOMEONE ELSE will do it.
We choose to play safe, rather than stand out, and be different.
We believe others are superior.
Revanth Kumar, Graduate Student. Specializing in Computer Networks and Internet of Things.
Disclaimer: This answer is purely my thought. Nothing to hurt or generalize.
Educated people are more concerned about country on Social Media than in the Society.
I come into the same category quiet sometimes but I try to do my part to the country often.
Since you are speaking about Technology, lets take Computer Science into picture. How much does an average Computer Science Engineer earn in India? Rs30k? Rs40k? Lets make it Rs50k. At the same time How much does an average Computer Science Engineer earn in USA (for instance)? $70k? $80k? Lets make it $90k. Can you judge yourself how much difference you have?
At the same time when you consider a Doctor in India, he earns good amount of money and there is not much requirement for him to relocate to USA (again for instance). Even if he wants to do so, it is not as easy to relocate as a CS Engineer. That's the reason why lot of brilliant CS minds are working in foreign countries helping them develop cutting edge technologies that we are using today which are branded as Made in USA or so.
There is another strong reason for this. EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS. We need lot more high standard educational institutions in India like the IITs and NITs. Even the local institutions should increase their standards.
To get that day where we can have our own Technology wing, every engineer should be responsible. Every student graduated from IITs and NITs should be extra responsible because they received education at subsidy. The best thing that the Govt can do is to sign a formal document with every student who is about to join a Govt Educational Institution to gain quality education at Subsidy, which orders the student to work in India for a specified minimum amount of time (lets say 5 years). OR like the National Defense Academy (NDA) where the Govt offers education for free and in exchange the student has to work for the Govt for 25 years.
This method or something else has to be implemented to stop quality engineers slipping out of the country. There are lot more reasons why people tend to work outside India with the list toppers being Corruption, Bad roads, Pollution, Dust, Politics etc.
Nandini Singh, I am Batman
There are some people who believe that Indians are merely workers who are incapable of being thinkers. I don't think that is true. It's not about our competency. There are several reasons why Indians prefer to immigrate to developed countries, but that is mainly because of lack of opportunities, compensation and infrastructure. This is completely irrelevant to whether or not they are thinkers.
I recently graduated (in 2014) and several of my colleagues opted out corporate jobs and migrated towards startups - either working for one (where they get independence and freedom to work, create and envision) or create one.
And then there are Indian companies giving their International counterparts a serious competition. For example, the only difference between Amazon, and maybe Flipkart, is that it has a lot more experience and brand value. Flipkart has to constantly compete with that.
Anyway, regardless of this, there are a lot of internal issues Indians are facing -corruption being the most troublesome of all.
There is a summit happening in Bangalore by the Grace Hopper foundation (I think) which basically celebrates women in computing (I am an IT Engineer) and while going through it's agenda I saw "Make in India".
The government, so far at least, understands that we need to create business and this campaign is a good initiative. People are now more comfortable starting new businesses.
Lastly, it's the typical Indian mentality of looking down upon any job which is not related to Engineering or Medicine. Our journalists, scientists, teachers, police men, army are all under paid and under appreciated.
For the project Mangalyaan, have you ever considered that maybe it was this cheap also because the scientists are unpaid?
Add to this the fact that a majority of population in India is uneducated. There are children who are involved in child labour, not just in industries but also in various house holds. Then there is the prominent sexism in our society according to which women don't have a right to be educated and thus by extension a right to a better life.
In conclusion, while it's true Indian's may be lagging behind, but they are definitely picking up pace. Have faith, and do your bit to contribute to the global society.