小糊涂神    2019-01-06
<p>Why is Japan funding India for the bullet train/smart city project?</p> <p><strong><b>为什么日本</b></strong><strong><b>要为</b></strong><strong><b>印度高铁</b></strong><strong><b>及</b></strong><strong><b>智慧城市项目</b></strong><strong><b>提供融资</b></strong><strong><b>?</b></strong></p> <p>&nbsp;<img src="pic/2019/0106/68/26b1e8be0ac03729916afe0cf575f948.jpg" alt="index.jpg" width="500" height="334" /></p> <p>Quora评论翻译:</p> <p>Ramesh, Full Stack Developer</p> <p>In recent years, china rapidly increasing its influence across South Asia and South East Asia in the name of Infrastructure Development ( like CPEC deal with Pakistan), Later this year china succeeded in winning a Jakarta-Bandung High Speed Railway Project along with this Chinese bullet train technology impressing other countries across the world, this creates a tension over Japan.</p> <p>Japan looking for opportunity to counter china, this opportunity comes with India&rsquo;s High Speed Railway Project.</p> <ol> <li>Japan wants to enter International Market (high speed railway) using this project.</li> <li>Japan already one of the contenders in the California&rsquo;s high speed railway project, the success of this project helps to convenience America.</li> <li>Along with Mumbai-Ahmedabad corridor, India planning to make other six corridors across the country, the implementation and success of this project helps to convenience India for gaining other projects.</li> <li>There is a tough fight between china and japan to win over 2026 Singapore &ndash;Kuala Lumpur high speed railway project. Mumbai-Ahmedabad project make a road for Japan.</li> <li>Regarding the smart cities not only japan, but also different countries investing in smart cities, Japan (Varanasi), China (pune), United States (Vishakhapatnam) etc...</li> </ol> <p>Whatever may be the Japan&rsquo;s interest? Overall this project improves Economic Cooperation and Regional Relationship between India and Japan.</p> <p>近年来,中国以基础设施建设的名义迅速扩大在南亚和东南亚的影响力(如<a href=http://www.santaihu.com/e/tags/?tagname=%E4%B8%AD%E5%B7%B4%E7%BB%8F%E6%B5%8E%E8%B5%B0%E5%BB%8A target=_blank class=infotextkey>中巴经济走廊</a>)。中国成功拿下了雅加达-万隆高铁项目,同时中国的高铁技术也给世界其他国家留下了深刻印象,这给日本造成了压力。</p> <p>日本寻找机会以还击中国,印度的高速铁路项目正好就是个机会。</p> <ol> <li>日本希望利用这个项目进入国际高铁市场。</li> <li>日本是加州高铁项目的竞争者之一,该项目的成功将为美国提供便利。</li> <li>随着孟买-艾哈迈达巴德高铁线路的建设,印度计划在全国范围内建设另外6条高铁,该项目的成功将有助于促成印度开展其他高铁项目。</li> <li>为了赢得2026年新加坡至吉隆坡高铁项目,中国和日本展开了激烈竞争。孟买-艾哈迈达巴德项目将为日本铺路。</li> <li>关于智慧城市,不仅是日本,其他国家也为智慧城市提供融资,日本(瓦拉纳西)、中国(普纳)、美国(维萨卡帕特南)&hellip;&hellip;</li> </ol> <p>无论日本出于何种利益考虑,总之,这个项目改善了印度和日本之间的经济合作和区域关系。</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Manish Sinha, lives in India</p> <p>Why do people invest in pension plans during the time they are still active and working?</p> <p>So that when they retire, they can are ensured of steady supply of money when their body becomes weak.</p> <p>Japan is country where average life expectancy is one of the highest in the world. By giving countries like India a loan with repayment period of 50 years and interest rate of only 0.1% , it ensures that it has a steady supply of money to invest in welfare project for her people, for the next half century.&nbsp; in bank is better than&nbsp; at home.</p> <p>Great credit history of India and its burgeoning economy aids this decision. India is also a natural super power with its land mass and demography combined. It's a common policy to go with a giant . Just like Japan spends less than 1% on its defence as it has US as it's ally.</p> <p>Secondly, only competitor for Japan is China and India is never going to China for such a project . It helps Japan's cause.</p> <p>So all those who are going mad about Japan's investment including some ridiculous news channels , we should understand the economy behind such decisions. And if it is a win-win situation for both, then there is no need to worry.</p> <p>为什么人们在工作的时候就投资养老金?当他们退休后,便可确保有稳定的退休金。</p> <p>日本是世界上人均预期寿命最高的国家之一。通过给像印度这样的国家一笔还款期限为50年、利率仅为0.1%的贷款,确保了在接下来的半个世纪里,它有稳定的资金来源,可以投资于人民福利项目。资金拿去投资总比放在家里好。</p> <p>印度的良好信用史及其蓬勃发展的经济,让日本做出了这一决定。从国土面积和人口来看,印度是一个天然的超级大国。与巨人为伍是一种惯例,比如,日本把美国当作盟友后,花在国防上的钱还不到GDP的1%。</p> <p>其次,日本唯一的竞争对手是中国,在这个项目上印度绝不会选择中国。这也助了日本一臂之力。</p> <p>因此,所有那些对日本投融资感到愤怒的人,应该理解这些决定背后的经济因素。如果这对双方来说都是双赢的局面,那就没有必要担心。</p> <p>译文来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/46796.html &nbsp; 译者:Jessica.Wu</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Vaibhav Mogra, studied at St. Xavier's College, Kolkata</p> <p>Japan provides financial and technical assistance to India for the bullet trains and smart city. Japan provides assistance to developing countries through Japan International Cooperation Agency. It has money to invest. In infrastructure money is locked in for long period of time and provides revenues later. But development of infrastructure is of a lot of importance for the development in any developing country.</p> <p>Maintaining good relations with India benefits Japan.</p> <p>Yes politically, Japan which doesn't have an army needs strong allies to protect its interest in the South China Sea.</p> <p>Economically also it benifits as the countries engage in free trade agreements benefiting the existing Japanese countries and making their products more competitive in India.</p> <p>Nobody gives anything for free and a lot is thought of before giving money.</p> <p>日本有钱投资。日本为印度的高铁和智慧城市提供资金和技术援助。日本通过日本国际协力机构向发展中国家提供援助。基础设施投资周期长,日后才能产生收益。但是基础设施的发展对于任何发展中国家的发展都是非常重要的。</p> <p>此外,与印度保持良好关系对日本有利。在经济上,这也有利于两国签订自由贸易协定,使日本受益,并使其产品在印度更具竞争力。</p> <p>天下没有免费的午餐,在给钱之前方方面面都会考虑到。</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Akash Gupta, Manager to Clerk</p> <p>Japan is funding the INR 98000 crore bullet train project. for the project there were mainly two contenders japan and china. some of reason where japan got a boost can be:</p> <p>1.Fiancially-</p> <p>Japan has provides the loan for almost 80 percent of cost at a minimum interest rate of .01% spread over a period of 50 years subject to the condition that the locomotives and other items to purchased from japanese companies only.</p> <ol start="2"> <li>strategic-</li> </ol> <p>japan wants maintain its strong relationship with India as it is the strongest ally in asia.</p> <p>日本将为印度高铁提供980亿卢比的贷款。这个项目主要有两个竞争者-日本和中国。日本获胜的部分原因可能是:</p> <ol> <li>财务方面:日本以01%的最低利率提供了近80%的贷款,期限为50年,但条件是列车等设备只能从日本公司购买。</li> <li>战略方面:日本希望和印度保持牢固的关系,因为印度是亚洲最强大的盟友。</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Manthan Vijay Shah, History and politics &lt;3</p> <p>Its called investment and not donation....nobody INVESTS until they see a return. Same is the case of Japan....their economy is getting stagnant day by day and they need to invest it to grow....u might be aware of the govt giving reliance the contract to build metro in Mumbai.....reliance invested the money and built it.....today reliance collects a share of the fare....so Japan too will bag a share of the fares....plus it will give them more goodwill and contracts in other places of the world including India....they have the technology and hence they would like to earn by investing...</p> <p>这是投资,又不是捐赠。没有回报的话,没有人会投资的,日本也一样。他们的经济越来越不景气,他们需要通过投资来促进经济增长....你可能也知道印度政府把孟买地铁项目给了信实集团,信实投了这笔钱建地铁。如今,运营收入的一部分进了信实的口袋。所以日后日本也将从运营收入中分一杯羹。此外,此举有助于日本获得其他国家的合同,包括印度日后的高铁项目。</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Aishwarya Rajput, studied at Bombay Cambridge School</p> <p>Japan is funding India because Japanese companies are experts in developing Smart Cities and Bullet Trains worldwide.</p> <p>So the government of India is taking help of Japan to serve the people with Bullet Train and Smart Cities</p> <p>日本之所以向印度提供融资,是因为日本企业在开发智慧城市和修建高铁方面是专家。印度政府正借助日本的帮助,用高铁和智能城市为人民服务。</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Sidhartha Panda, Field Expert</p> <p>Japan have a technology expertise and India is in need. its a business proposition I will help you in setting up the project and you will pay me for that. But such a large project costs billions so India will pay using a natural resource or by a deal. That japan will take the entire revenue generated from the project for the next 20 or 30 years.</p> <p>Its a win-win situation, India gets what it wants without having the necessary money, Japan gets future secured return for the next 20 to 30 years plus additional projects if necessary</p> <p>日本有高铁技术,这正是印度需要的。这是一桩生意,我将帮你修高铁,你给我钱。但如此大的一个项目要花费数十亿美元,印度会卖自然资源来偿还,日本将在未来20年或30年从该项目中收回全部款项。</p> <p>这是一个双赢的局面,印度在没有足够资金的情况下得到了想要的高铁,日本将在未来20到30年得到有保障的回报,还有可能获得其它项目。</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Akshay Kr Gupta, A Famous Anonymous</p> <p>First thing, it is not a charity show.</p> <p>In fact it is an investment. Japan is investing because it can see a better return from India.</p> <p>As our economy is growing, so they are investing.</p> <p>You can take the example of our High Ways and Express Ways. Construction companies are building the roads on contract. We have same story in case of Bullet Train with Japan. It is nothing but a contract.</p> <p>首先,这不是慈善。事实上,这是一种投资。日本投资是因为它可以从印度获得更高的回报。由于我们的经济在增长,所以他们愿意投资。</p> <p>以我们的高速公路为例,建筑公司也是按合同修路。日本修高铁也是如此。这只不过是一份合同,一笔交易。</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Gokul Beeshman, CS Undergrad. Curious. Freethinker.</p> <p>Of course they do.</p> <p>It is a strategic investment in a fast growing economy.</p> <p>Money invested in India (or most developing countries for that matter) tends to give higher returns.</p> <p>If your question is why the Japanese in particular are interested in this, I believe it is because the Japanese have an excellent public transport system and they would like to see the rest of the world enjoy it.</p> <p>这在一个快速增长经济体的战略性投资。</p> <p>在印度投资(或大多数发展中国家)往往会带来更高的回报。</p> <p>如果你问为什么日本人对这个项目特别感兴趣,我认为这是因为日本人有一个发达的公共交通系统,希望其他国家也用上。</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Gijo Vijayan, works at Movie Business and Industry</p> <p>India can earn Billions of Dollars from this Railway line</p> <p>印度可以从这条高铁获得数十亿美元的回报</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Dhawal Barot</p> <p>I would like to tell that it's not funding but Investment if you read news sir!!</p> <p>Investment word itself clarify why they did this .. !!</p> <p>我想说的是这是投资,不是资助!!</p> <p>投资这个词本身就能解释他们为什么要这样做。! !</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Debatra Mazumdar, IRSME at Indian Railways (2017-present)</p> <p>The rivalry of Japan with China is well-known. The rivalry of India with China, too, is well-known.</p> <p>Since after China, India is globally seen as the &quot;next-big-thing&quot;, Japan wants to keep India close. It is a strategically and economically beneficial move for both the nations. After all, enemy of an enemy is a friend.</p> <p>日本与中国的竞争是众所周知的。印度与中国的竞争也是众所周知的。</p> <p>继中国之后,印度在全球被视为&ldquo;下一个大国&rdquo;,日本希望与印度保持密切关系。从战略和经济上来看,这对两国来说都是有利的举措。毕竟,敌人的敌人就是朋友</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Anubhab Kundu, Trains are my fascination...curiosity and special interest</p> <p>Bcoz india is not financially strong enough to make its first bullet train rake on her own. India is a poor country. But the GDP of Mumbai is enough to buy 2 or 3 trainsets easily and hence she went for purchasing the trainset.</p> <p>因为印度经济实力不够强大,无法凭一己之力修建第一条高铁。虽然印度是个穷国,但是孟买有钱,随便修两三条高铁是没问题的</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Suraj Rana, lives in India</p> <p>Coz we are buying it whatelse</p> <p>因为我们会找别人贷款,如果日本不给的话。</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Gaurav Dutta, MUNER, ENVIRONMENTALIST, HUMAN RIGHT VOLUNTEER, YOUTH RED CROSS MEMBER, NSS VOLUNTEER, PHOTOGRAPHER, WRITER</p> <p>Nothing is free , they are giving us technology in return we helping to be economical strong. They are giving us loan and we have to pay loan with the interst.</p> <p>天下没有免费的午餐,日本给我们提供技术,作为回报,我们促进其经济发展。日本为我们提供贷款,我们也得向他们支付贷款利息。</p> <p>外文:https://www.quora.com/Why-is-Japan-funding-India-for-the-bullet-train-smart-city-project</p>

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